Green Portfolio Program

Starting in 2008, Environmental Defense Fund and Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. L.P. (KKR) worked together to develop and test a set of analytic tools and metrics to help companies in KKR's U.S. portfolio measure and improve performance in several key environmental performance areas.

Green Returns

As a result of this partnership, EDF developed Green Returns, an innovative and flexible approach designed to create business and environmental value for the private equity sector.

Green Returns provides resources and tools that any firm can use to evaluate operations and identify opportunities to improve business and environmental performance in five key environmental areas:

  • Greenhouse gas emissions
  • Water
  • Waste
  • Forest products
  • Priority chemicals

Green Portfolio Program results

From 2008-2014, 27 portfolio companies participated in the program, with 25 reporting performance and adopting environmental management initiatives and innovations.

In six years, these companies achieved an estimated $1.2 billion in financial impact, and avoided 2.3 million metric tons of greenhouse gas emissions, 6.3 million tons of waste and 27 million cubic meters of water use.

Learn more about how each company achieved these results.